If even after having unprotected sexual intercourse for one whole year, the couple has a problem in conceiving or getting pregnant i.e called infertility . Infertility is a common problem today because of many reasons, some of which are known and some which are not. Infertility workup evaluates anyone who is infertile or is at a high risk of infertility. At the initial stage it includes reviewing medical history, physical examination, and some other tests.
The tests that focuses on the ovarian reserve, ovulatory function and structural abnormalities are done in females.Imaging tests give valuable information on the fertility of a woman. Infertility has no gender , it can happen to males too. Treatment modalities include surgical management of tubal occlusion, endometriosis, treatment of PCOS, use of ovulation induction agents that can be both oral or injected.
Fertility Enhancing Surgeries are surgical treatments that are done to correct infertility issues. Several medical conditions can lead to infertility like fibroids, endometriosis, scar tissue in the pelvis region and uterine anomalies. The surgical options are hysteroscopy and laparoscopic surgery. They are minimally invasive surgeries that are advantageous over traditional/ standard surgeries as they need lesser recovery time and give better cosmetic results.