After the age of 13 every woman should have a gynaecological evaluation every year.Regular gynaecological checkups that include screening tests even when no symptoms are present are important to check for abnormalities . Through regular gynaecological examinations, you can prevent and effectively recognise any disorder at an early stage . Many women visit a gynaecologist only when there is a problem. Visiting a gynaecologist regularly can be beneficial for your reproductive health. Feel free to discuss sensitive topics such as sex, birth control and menopause problems with your gynaecologist,which you would otherwise be uncomfortable discussing with anyone else.
Menstruation itself causes stress in ladies because of many uncomfortable symptoms. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is one of the most important issues related to menstrual problems. PMS includes mild cramping and fatigue. If your menstruation is too heavy, or too light or is completely absent, or irregular it may mean that other issues are causing abnormal menstruation. Many times menstruation can be painful. This pain is much more excruciating and different from the cramps experienced in PMS. Painful periods can be because of many underlying medical problems such as fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, and endometriosis. Some women have no periods at all. This may be due to pituitary gland disorders, congenital defect of the reproductive system or delay in puberty.
Adolescent gynaecology is dedicated to ensuring proper care for young women and their needs.Young girls body experience many changes as they grow up. Adolescent gynaecology includes the diagnosis and management of gynaecology problems among this age group. Congenital reproductive anomalies, disorders of gender development, gender identity, gynaecological malignancies and reproductive endocrinopathies are included in adolescent gynaecology.
Natural decline in the female reproductive hormones once they reach their 40s and 50s is known as menopause. Menopause is considered when a woman has not menstruated for 12 months consecutively and can no longer conceive. It is mostly because of lower levels of estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, FSH and LH. Menopause can cause extremely uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes, weight gain, vaginal dryness, chills, night sweat, sleep problems, mood changes and slow metabolism. If the symptoms are severe and affecting your daily life then proper treatment is needed.
PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome affects 10% of the female population. In PCOS ovaries enlarge with small cysts on the outer edges. The cause is unclear however it can be linked to genetic and environmental factors. It is a lifestyle disorder that involves hormonal imbalance and can cause many gynaecological conditions such as irregular cycles, weight gain, acne, hirsutism, infertility and myriad of perimenopausal problems. Some common treatment modalities are birth controls for irregular periods, medicines to prevent diabetes, hormones to enhance fertility, statins to control high cholesterol levels and procedures to remove excessive hair growth.
Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which the endometrium lining of the uterus grows outside of it. In this disorder, the tissue is found on the ovaries, fallopian tubes or the lining of the pelvis. Endometriosis affects up to 1 in every 10 female population. The tissue that grows outside of the uterus can cause irritation, scarring, fertility problems, as well as excruciating pain during periods. The symptoms of endometriosis can vary from person to person. Experience can range from mild symptoms whereas others experience moderate to severe symptoms. Symptoms can be pelvic pain, irregular periods, cramps lasting up to two weeks, heavy bleeding during menstruation, pain during sexual intercourse, infertility, and discomfort in bowel movements.