There are a number of different treatment options to consider if menopause is disrupting your life. The most common symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, mood problems, trouble sleeping, and vaginal dryness.
Hormone Therapy. Treatment with estrogen and progesterone, called combination hormone replacement therapy (HRT), can be prescribed for women who still have their uterus
if they have moderate to severe symptoms of menopause. Estrogen alone is the prescribed regimen for women who have had a hysterectomy (no longer have their uterus). These are the most effective treatments for hot flashes, and can also help with vaginal dryness and mood problems. Hormonal patches, creams, gels, and vaginal rings are alternatives to the traditional pills, depending on the symptoms. Treatment is usually started before age 60 and taken up to 5 years.
Some women may not be candidates for HRT. These women include those with breast or uterine (endometrial) cancer, blood clots, liver disease, heart disease stroke, women who may be pregnant, or who have undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.
Nonhormonal therapy. If you are unable or do not want to take hormones, there are treatments that your doctor can prescribe to alleviate some of the symptoms of menopause.